City of Hampton, Virginia
Ordinance - Coded
22 Lincoln Street
Hampton, VA 23669
Enactment Number: 08-0023
An ordinance to amend Chapter 21,
Article IX, Section 21-218 of the Code of the City of Hampton entitled
Designation of public highways of the city for golf cart operation; posting of
signs to clarify that the decision of the City Manager to deny a request for
designation of a street for golf cart use is final and not appealable.
ARTICLE IX. OPERATION OF GOLF CARTS
Sec. 21-216. Definitions.
The following words and phrases
when used in this article shall, for the purposes of this article, have the
meanings respectfully ascribed to them:
Golf cart means an
electric, self-propelled vehicle that is designed to transport persons playing
golf and their equipment on a golf course.
Public highway means
the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place open to the
use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in the city, including the
streets and alleys, and, for law-enforcement purposes, the entire width between
the boundary lines of all private roads or private streets that have been
specifically designated "highways," as that term is defined in
46.2-100 of the State Code, by ordinance.
Sec. 21-217. Operation of golf carts on
public highways not otherwise designated for such operation.
It shall be unlawful for any person
to operate a golf cart on or over any public highway in the city, except as
provided in this article.
Sec. 21-218. Designation of public highways
of the city for golf cart operation; posting of signs.
(a) All requests
for designation of specific public highways for operation of golf cart shall be
directed to the director of public works. The director of public works shall
perform an engineering study and make a report thereon to the city manager.
The city manager shall after review of the report either recommend or deny the
request. The decision of the city manager to deny such request shall be final.
(b) Pursuant to
46.2-916.2 of the Code of Virginia, and upon the city managers recommendation
city council may authorize by ordinance, the operation of golf carts on
designated public highways within the city after (i) considering the speed,
volume, and character of motor vehicle traffic using such highways, and (ii)
determining that golf cart operation on particular highways is compatible with
state and local transportation plans and consistent with the Commonwealth's
statewide pedestrian policy. No public highway of the city shall be designated
for use by golf carts if such golf cart operations will impede the safe and
efficient flow of motor vehicle traffic, or if the highway's posted speed limit
is greater than twenty-five (25) miles per hour.
(c) Any public
highway of the city designated for golf cart operations shall be posted with
signs indicating this designation.
Sec. 21-219. Limitations.
Golf cart operations on designated
public highways of the city shall be in accordance with the following
(1) No person
shall operate a golf cart on a public highway of the city unless that highway
is designated for golf cart operations and is posted with the required sign.
(2) No golf cart
shall be driven across any highway at an inter section where the highway being
crossed has a posted speed limit of more than twenty-five (25) miles per hour.
(3) No person
shall operate any golf cart on any designated public highway of the city unless
he has in his possession a valid driver's license.
(4) No golf cart
shall be operated on any designated public highway of the city without
displaying a slow-moving vehicle emblem in conformity with Virginia Code
(5) No person
shall operate any golf cart on any designated public highway of the city
between sunset and sunrise, unless equipped with lights as required in Article
3 ( 46.2-1010 et seq.) of Chapter 10 of the State Code.
(6) Golf carts
operating on designated public highways of the city pursuant to this article
shall be insured by a policy of liability insurance with coverage of not less
than three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000.00) per accident. In lieu of
coverage provided by an insurance policy, the owner of such golf cart may
self-insure the liability coverage if the Commissioner of the Virginia
Department of Motor Vehicles has issued a certificate of self-insurance
pursuant to 46.2-368 of the State Code.
Sec. 21-220. Exceptions.
The limitations set forth in
section 21-219 (1) and (2) above shall not apply to golf carts being operated
(1) To cross a
highway from one (1) portion of a golf course to another portion thereof or to
another adjacent golf course; or to travel between a person's home and golf
course if (i) the trip would not be longer than one-half ( 1/2) mile in either
direction, and (ii) the speed limit on the road is no more than thirty-five
(35) miles per hour;
(2) To the extent
necessary for city employees and city contractors to fulfill a governmental
purpose, or as otherwise authorized by the city manager or his designee,
provided the golf cart is not operated on a public highway of the city with a
posted speed limit over thirty-five (35) miles per hour;
(3) As necessary
by employees of public or private two-year or four-year institutions of higher
education if operating on highways within the property limits of such
institutions, provided the golf cart is being operated on highways with speed
limits of thirty-five (35) miles per hour or less.
Sec. 21-221. Public highways designated
for golf cart use.
Notwithstanding any other provision
of the City Code to the contrary, the following public highways or portions of
public highways in the city are designated for use by golf carts in accordance
with the provisions of this article and state law:
(1) Adriatic Drive.
(3) State Park
Drive from the entrance to Grandview Nature Preserve crossing Beach Road to the
end of the improved road south of Beach Road (approximately nine hundred ninety
(990) feet as of the date of the adoption of this section.)
Golf carts shall travel in the
proper travel lane with the direction of the traffic flow, and shall obey all
traffic signs and signals on such public highways.
the regular meeting of the City Council of the City of Hampton, Virginia held
on December 17, 2008.
Signed by ____________________________ Date
Molly Joseph Ward, Mayor
Attested by ____________________________ Date _________________
Katherine K. Glass
Clerk of the Council