Legislation # 07-0037 Enactment Number none
Type Ordinance - Coded Effective Date none
Introduction Date 1/24/2007
Title AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND CHAPTER 36, OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF HAMPTON, VIRGINIA, ENTITLED “SWIMMING POOLS.”
 
Legislation History 07-0037
DateNotice Of ActionDescription
1/24/2007 Moved to approve consent agenda items 1 through 6 on first and final reading.
1/24/2007 Moved to waive the second reading of consent agenda items 1 through 6.
1/14/2007 Received By Clerk's Office
 
View Attachments 07-0037
FileTypeSizeDescription
Chapter 36 - Swimming Pools - REDLINE - January 11 2007.doc Other 105K Chapter 36 - Swimming Pools - Redline Version
 
Legislation Text 07-0037

 

City of Hampton, Virginia

Ordinance - Coded

22 Lincoln Street

Hampton, VA 23669

www.hampton.gov

 

File Number: 07-0037

 

Enactment Number: -

 

AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND CHAPTER 36, OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF HAMPTON, VIRGINIA, ENTITLED SWIMMING POOLS.

 

 

 

Chapter 36

 

SWIMMING POOLS*

__________

* Editors Note: Ord. No. 1347, adopted April 9, 2003, amended Ch. 36, in its entirety, to read as herein set out. Prior to inclusion of said ordinance, Ch. 36 pertained to similar subject matter. Subsequently, Ord. No. 1397, adopted April 13, 2005, amended Ch. 36 in its entirety to read as herein set out. See also the Code Comparative Table for a detailed analysis of inclusion of said ordinances.

Cross References: General building and development regulations, Ch. 9; excavating and similar operations, Ch. 13; parks and recreation, Ch. 26; water supply, Ch. 39; zoning ordinance, App. A.

State Law References: Authority of city to regulate swimming pools, Code of Virginia, 15.2-921, 15.2-1110, 35.1-9.

__________

 

Article I. In General

Sec. 36-1. Definitions.

Sec. 36-2. Violations of chapter.

Sec. 36-3. Purpose of chapter.

Sec. 36-4. Application of chapter generally.

Sec. 36-5. Application of chapter to existing pools, spas and/or hot tubs.

Sec. 36-6. Plans and specification for construction, reconstruction or alteration; building permit.

Sec. 36-7. Location.

Sec. 36-8. Water supply.

Sec. 36-9. Fencing.

Sec. 36-10. Lifeguards.

Sec. 36-11. Operation records.

Sec. 36-12. Inspections.

Sec. 36-13. Authorization to order pool closed.

Secs. 36-14--36-25. Reserved

 

Article II. Permit to Operate

Sec. 36-26. Required.

Sec. 36-27. Certified operator; required.

Sec. 36-28. Issuance.

Sec. 36-29. Posting.

Sec. 36-30. Term.

Sec. 36-31. Temporary permit.

Sec. 36-32. Revocation.

Sec. 36-33. Fees.

Secs. 36-34--36-45. Reserved.

 

Article III. General Requirements as to Construction, Equipment and Facilities

Sec. 36-46. Shells generally.

Sec. 36-47. Shape, contour, slope, etc.

Sec. 36-48. Deck.

Sec. 36-49. Steps and ladders.

Sec. 36-50. Overflow facilities.

Sec. 36-51. Outlet drain.

Sec. 36-52. Depth markings.

Sec. 36-53. Diving boards and areas.

Sec. 36-54. Lighting fixtures.

Sec. 36-55. Wading pools.

Sec. 36-56. Spray pools.

Sec. 36-57. Life-saving and first aid equipment and facilities.

Sec. 36-58. Food and drink facilities.

Sec. 36-59. Dressing rooms, showers, toilet facilities and lavatories.

Sec. 36-60. Grease line.

Sec. 36-61. Coping.

Secs. 30-62--36-75. Reserved.

 

Article IV. Recirculation System and Appurtenances

Sec. 36-76. General requirements.

Sec. 36-77. Inlets.

Sec. 36-78. Filtration system generally.

Sec. 36-79. Filter room.

Sec. 36-80. Pumping equipment.

Sec. 36-81. Hair and lint catchers.

Sec. 36-82. Rate-of-flow indicator.

Sec. 36-83. Suction cleaner.

Sec. 36-84. Chemical feeding and testing equipment generally.

Sec. 36-85. Disinfection equipment; chlorinator room.

Sec. 36-86. Chemical content of water.

Sec. 36-87. Operation of filters; clarity of water.

Sec. 36-88. Alternate methods of disinfection and filtration.

Sec. 36-89. Temperature.

 

ARTICLE I.

 

IN GENERAL

 

Sec. 36-1. Definitions.

 

For the purposes of this chapter, the following words, phrases and terms shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section, unless otherwise clearly indicated to the contrary:

 

Certified lifeguard means an individual who shall possess a current certification for meeting standards recommended by the American Red Cross, Y.M.C.A. or a program shown to be the equivalent thereof to the director of public health at the senior lifesaving level or its equivalent.

 

Certified operator means the individual responsible for the everyday operation of a public swimming pool, public spa and/or hot tub or tourist establishment swimming pool and who has successfully passed a course approved by the health department in proper pool operation and maintenance.

 

Coping means the cap on the pool, spa and/or hot tub wall that provides a finishing edge around the perimeter of the pool, spa and/or hot tub.

 

Director or director of public health means the director of public health for the city or his authorized agent.

 

Disinfectant means any chemical that kills or neutralizes the organisms that cause disease and/or infection and is able to be measured.

 

Fence means a close type vertical barrier not less than forty-eight (48) inches in height above ground surface. A woven steel wire, chain link, picket or solid board-type fence or a fence of similar construction, which has spacing of not greater than four (4) inches and which will prevent the smallest of children from getting through, shall be construed as within this definition.

 

Free available (residual) chlorine means the portion of the total chlorine remaining in water that is not combined with ammonia or nitrogen compounds and will react chemically with undesirable or pathogenic organisms.

 

Grease tile means ceramic or plastic tiles which line the interior perimeter of the pool, spa and/or hot tub and extend from the edge of the shell or white coat to the bottom of the coping.

 

Hazard means any condition or situation, which exists within a pool or pool area that poses a risk of injury or harm to the patron(s).

 

Hydrotherapy spa means a unit designed for recreational and therapeutic use which is not drained, cleaned or refilled for each user. It may include but not be limited to hydrojet circulation, hot water, cold water, mineral baths, air induction bubbles, or some combination thereof. Industry terminology for a spa includes but is not limited to "therapeutic pool," "hydrotherapy pool," "whirlpool," "hot spa," "hot tubs," etc.

 

Lifeguard means a competent adult, age eighteen (18) or greater, currently certified in CPR and first aid.

 

Life line refers to a coarse rope or line with attached buoys used to separate the point at which a pool increases in depth suddenly. It must be securely attached to opposite sides of the pool where the drop-off occurs.

 

Maximum load or design load means the maximum number of bathers permitted in a swimming pool at any one (1) time and shall be determined by dividing the total square footage of the swimming pool water surface area by twenty-seven (27).

 

Operator or manager shall mean the individual responsible for the operation and management of a swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub.

 

Permit to operate is the document issued by the director of public health to the applicant upon fulfillment of the requirements of this chapter.

 

Person means any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, governmental agency, club, school or organization of any kind.

 

Pool area means that area immediately surrounding and adjacent to the swimming pool to include all areas within the fence, if required, or within the walls of the room in which the pool is located if it is an indoor pool.

 

Private residential swimming pool means any swimming pool located on private residential property under the control of the homeowner or a tenant, the use of which is limited to swimming or bathing by members of his family or their invited guests.

 

Public spas and hot tubs means any spa and/or hot tub, other than a private residential spa or hot tub, which is intended solely for bathing and is operated by an owner, lessee, operator, licensee, or concessionaire, regardless of whether a fee is charged for such use. Public spas and hot tubs may be individual units or may be integrated into a larger swimming pool or bathing pool.

 

Public swimming pool is any swimming pool, other than a private residential swimming pool, or a hotel, motel, or campground swimming pool operated in conjunction therewith and duly regulated and inspected by the state department of health, intended to be used collectively by numbers of persons for swimming or bathing and operated by any person, whether as owner, lessee, operator or concessionaire, regardless of whether a fee is charged for such use. The term "public swimming pool" includes, but is not limited to, a swimming pool owned or operated by a condominium, marina, private club or association or a civic club or any association of persons. The term "public swimming pool" shall not include single-occupant tanks and showers used exclusively for therapeutic purposes.

 

Swimming pool or pool means any swimming, wading or spray pool, including all appurtenant equipment, structures and facilities for the purpose of providing a swimming, bathing or wading place for any person or persons.

 

Tourist establishment pool refers to any pool operated by or in conjunction with a hotel, motel, campground or summer camp.

 

Turnover rate means the amount of time required by a filtration system to filter the equivalent of the entire volume of a pool or spa.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-2. Violations of chapter.

 

Unless otherwise specifically provided, a violation of any provision of this chapter shall constitute a Class 1 misdemeanor.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

Cross References: Penalty for Class 1 misdemeanor, 1-11.

 

Sec. 36-3. Purpose of chapter.

 

The purpose of this chapter is to provide regulations relating to the design, construction, alteration and maintenance of sanitation and safety features applying to the use and operation of public swimming pools and public spas and/or hot tubs to provide for permits for the construction of such swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs to provide for permits for the operation of such swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs to provide for the administration and enforcement of this chapter, to provide for the collection of an annual permitting fee and to provide a penalty for violations thereof.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-4. Application of chapter generally.

 

The provisions of this chapter shall apply to public swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs as defined in section 26-1.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-5. Application of chapter to existing pools, spas and/or hot tubs.

 

The structural and equipment provisions and requirements of this chapter shall not apply to any swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub constructed prior to December 11, 1974, except as follows:

 

(1) When any condition exists in such a swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub that would endanger the health, safety or life of any person, the director of public health shall have the authority to order such swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub closed until such condition is corrected.

 

(2) When any alteration, placement or replacement of any equipment is made in any such swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub, such portion altered, placed or replaced shall comply with such requirements.

 

(3) The provisions and requirements of this chapter with respect to fences, operational procedures and standards, chemical feeding equipment, flow meters, pressure gauges, toilet facilities and life guards shall be complied with by all public swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs, regardless of date of construction.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-6. Plans and specification for construction, reconstruction or alteration; building permit.

 

(a) No person shall begin construction of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub or substantially alter or reconstruct a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub without first submitting plans and specifications to the director of public health for review and approval and obtaining a permit for such work from the building official. A building permit shall not be issued by the building official, until approval has been granted for construction by the director of public health and other necessary departments as required by law.

 

(b) For any items not specifically covered in this chapter, the director of public health is hereby authorized to require that all materials, methods of construction and design features of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall prove to function adequately, effectively and without excessive maintenance and operation difficulties before he grants approval thereof and such approval shall be based upon the need for protecting the health and safety of those using the pool, spa and/or hot tub. It shall be the duty of the applicant to provide such data, tests or other adequate proof that the device, material or product will satisfactorily perform the function for which it is intended before such item shall be approved.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-7. Location.

 

The location of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall in no way hinder the operation for which it is designed or adversely affect the user's safety or water quality.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-8. Water supply.

 

All water used in public swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs shall be from sources that are approved by the director of public health. No piping arrangements shall exist which, under any conditions, will permit sewage or waste to enter the swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub system or water from the swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub to enter the make-up supply.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

Cross References: Water supply, Ch. 39.

 

Sec. 36-9. Fencing.

 

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to construct, maintain, use, posses or control any public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub not elevated over four (4) feet above the immediately surrounding ground level of any property in the city, unless the property on which the pool, spa and/or hot tub is located is enclosed with a fence which complies with the provisions of the building code and the zoning ordinance of the city. All fencing shall be maintained in good repair so as to provide an effective barrier.

 

(b) In lieu of fencing the property pursuant to subsection (a) above, the pool, spa and/or hot tub itself may be completely surrounded by a fence. Such fence shall be constructed so as to come within two (2) inches of the ground at the bottom and shall be at least five (5) feet from the edge of the pool at any point. In addition, such fence shall be equipped with a self-locking gate or door that shall be kept locked when the pool is not in use.

 

(c) The requirements of this section shall not apply to swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs that are housed in a separate structure.

 

(d) A violation of this section shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $300.00 or confinement in jail for not more than thirty (30) days, either or both.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

Cross References: Building code, 9-26 et seq.; zoning ordinance, App. A.

State Law References: Ordinances requiring fencing of swimming pools, Code of Virginia, 15.2-921.

 

Sec. 36-10. Lifeguards.

 

(a) The operator or manager of any public swimming pool two thousand (2,000) square feet or more in area shall have on duty and within the pool area at all times while the pool is in use, at least one (1) person who shall possess a current certification for meeting the standards recommended by the American Red Cross, Y.M.C.A. or a program shown to be the equivalent thereof to the director of public health, as a certified lifeguard and two (2) or more certified lifeguards for pools having four thousand (4,000) square feet or more of water surface. The ratio of certified lifeguards to bathers at a public swimming pool shall be one (1) certified lifeguard on duty for the first seventy-five (75) bathers and one (1) additional certified lifeguard for every additional fifty (50) bathers or fraction thereof.

 

(b) The operator or manager of any public swimming pool one thousand (1,000) to two thousand (2,000) square feet in area and a maximum depth of five (5) feet or less shall have on duty and within the pool area at all times while the pool is in use, at least one (1) lifeguard, defined as a competent adult, eighteen (18) years or older with current certification in CPR and first aid.

 

(c) The operator or manager of any public swimming pool less than one thousand (1,000) square feet in area and a maximum depth five (5) feet or less shall not be required to provide a lifeguard. In lieu of a lifeguard signage must be provided in plain view of the public, in minimum four-inch letters, that states:

 

No Lifeguard on Duty

 

Swim at Your Own Risk

 

No Swimming Alone

 

No Children Under the Age of 14 Without an Adult Present

 

 

(d) The provisions of this section regarding certified lifeguards or lifeguards shall not apply to condominium or homeowner association pools which are not open to the general public, provided the pool has less than two thousand (2,000) square feet of water surface and is not equipped with a diving board, and a sign as required in section 36-10 (c) is provided.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-11. Operation records.

 

Daily records of the operation of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall be maintained. These records shall include pH, the free chlorine residual, water clarity and temperature, cleanliness, safety and such other matters as may be required by the director of public health for the health and safety of the users of the pool, spa and/or hot tub. These records shall be kept on file for a period of one (1) year.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-12. Inspections.

 

As a condition for the issuance of an operator's permit under this chapter, the operator or person in charge of any public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall, upon request of the director of public health, permit access to all parts of the establishment at all reasonable times for the purpose of making inspections.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-13. Authorization to order pool closed.

 

When the director of public health finds that any condition exists that endangers the health or safety of the users of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub he may order the pool, spa and/or hot tub closed until such condition is corrected. It shall be unlawful for any operator to fail to comply with such order.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Secs. 36-14--36-25. Reserved

 

ARTICLE II.

 

PERMIT TO OPERATE

 

Sec. 36-26. Required.

 

It shall be unlawful for any person to open a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub for use or to operate a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub in the city, unless he has a current permit to operate issued by the director of public health.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-27. Certified operator; required.

 

All public swimming pools, public spas and/or hot tubs and tourist establishment swimming pools shall be required to have a certified operator. Such individual shall have successfully completed a course in swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub operation and maintenance approved by the director of public health, or shall be able to demonstrate that he has the knowledge and ability to operate and maintain a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub in accordance with this chapter.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-28. Issuance.

 

The director of public health shall issue a permit required by this article, upon proper application therefor, if he finds that the pool, spa and/or hot tub involved and the operator thereof are in substantial compliance with this chapter.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-29. Posting.

 

An operator's permit issued under this article shall be posted, under transparent waterproof material, in plain view of the users of the pool, spa and/or hot tub involved.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-30. Term.

 

Except as otherwise provided in section 36-31, an operator's permit issued under this article shall be valid until the end of the calendar year in which issued, or as otherwise specified on the permit, unless sooner revoked by the director of public health.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-31. Temporary permit.

 

The director of public health may, when in his judgment it seems proper, issue a temporary permit to an applicant for an operator's permit under this article pending the issuance of such permit. Such temporary permit shall be effective only for so many days as the director of public health shall indicate thereon in writing.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-32. Revocation.

 

Continued failure to comply with this chapter shall be cause for revocation, by the director of public health, of any operator's permit issued pursuant to this article.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-33. Fees.

 

Prior to the issuance of an operating permit each year, the owner, operator or other responsible person of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall be required to pay a permitting fee of fifty dollars ($50.00) to the health department.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Secs. 36-34--36-45. Reserved.

 

 

ARTICLE III.

 

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AS TO CONSTRUCTION, EQUIPMENT AND FACILITIES

 

Sec. 36-46. Shells generally.

 

Public swimming pool shells shall be of reinforced concrete, or its equivalent in strength and durability, designed and built to withstand anticipated stresses. Such shells shall be of watertight construction and shall have smooth and easily cleanable surfaces. A white or light-colored waterproof interior finish, which will withstand repeated brushing, scrubbing and cleaning procedures, shall completely line the pool to the coping and shall be maintained in good condition that does not pose a hazard to bathers.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-47. Shape, contour, slope, etc.

 

A public swimming pool shall be designed and constructed of such shape and contour that efficient and safe control of the bathers can be accomplished. In water depths under five (5) feet, the slope of the bottom shall not exceed one (1) foot vertical in twelve (12) feet horizontal. Pool walls shall be vertical from the break point toward the deep end for at least three (3) feet below the water line and vertical from the break point to shallow end to within one (1) foot of the finished floor of the pool. The transition point between shallow and deep water shall not be more than five (5) feet deep. The transition point shall be clearly marked through the use of a floating lifeline, connected to opposite sides of the pool, to warn swimmers of the depth change.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-48. Deck.

 

(a) There shall be a deck at least four (4) feet wide extending around the entire perimeter of a public swimming pool. The deck shall be constructed of concrete or other approved material, having a non-slip but smooth finish. The deck shall have a pitch of not less than one-eighth (1/8) of an inch nor more than five-eighths (5/8) of an inch to the foot and be so designed as to conduct drainage away from the pool area in a manner that will not create or maintain pools of water or health nuisance. The deck shall be maintained in good condition and shall not pose a hazard to bathers.

 

(b) If the recirculation system is designed for water to enter the bottom portion of the pool and overflow the top, then adequate drainage of the scum and floating material from the deck must be provided. This may be by a continuous drain or multiple drains. In multiple drains, each drain grating shall have a total orifice area of at least four (4) times the cross-sectional area of the drain pipe, which shall have a minimum diameter of two and one-half (2 1/2) inches. In the use of drain channels, continuous around the perimeter of the pool, the channel grating shall be designed so as not to create a hazard to fingers and toes and to be resistant to corrosion.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-49. Steps and ladders.

 

Two (2) or more ladders or other means of egress shall be provided for all public pools having a perimeter greater than one hundred (100) feet and one (1) means of egress for pools one hundred (100) feet or less. Steps below the water level projecting out into the pool beyond the line of the pool wall are prohibited. Treads of all steps, ladders or other means of egress shall be of non-slip construction. Each recessed step area shall be provided with one (1) or more handrails. Such handrails shall be maintained in good condition and tightly secured.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-50. Overflow facilities.

 

(a) Provision shall be made for removal of floating material and scum from the surface of the water in a public swimming pool. If a recessed type of gutter located near the top of the walls is to be used, the gutter shall have a minimum depth of three (3) inches and shall be of a design, which will permit satisfactory cleaning of the overflow channel. The gutter drain outlets shall be spaced around the pool not more than fifteen (15) feet on centers. The gutter bottom shall slope toward these outlets with a minimum slope of one-quarter (1/4) inch to the foot. The drains shall not be less than two and one-half (2 1/2) inches in diameter and the total orifice area of the grating shall be at least twice the cross sectional area of the outlet pipe.

 

(b) For public pools with overflowing gutters, a water level control tank shall be provided which will effectively provide for maintenance of the water level so as to produce constant skimming action at all times.

 

(c) The above-described gutter may be replaced by an arrangement of overflow skimming devices in the walls which will provide the proper removal of scum and floating material. There shall be one (1) such device for each five hundred (500) square feet of pool area or fraction thereof, with a minimum of two (2) per pool, each of which shall be individually controlled. These devices shall be maintained in good condition and working order.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-51. Outlet drain.

 

Each public swimming pool shall be provided with an outlet drain located at the deepest point in the pool. It shall be capable of emptying the entire contents of the pool. Direct connection to a sanitary sewer or septic tank shall not be permitted. Disposal of wastewater to a storm sewer or natural watercourse shall be subject to approval by the director of public health and the director of public works, having regard for the health, safety and public welfare. The outlet drain shall be covered with a grate of such design that it cannot be readily removed by, or produce any hazard to, the bathers.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-52. Depth markings.

 

The depth of the water in a public swimming pool shall be marked at every foot increment of depth in water five (5) feet and under on both sides of the pool and on top of the coping. In water deeper than five (5) feet the markings need not be closer than three (3) feet apart. Numerals and letters shall be at least five (5) inches in size and of good contrast with the walls and deck.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-53. Diving boards and areas.

 

(a) At least twelve (12) feet of free and unobstructed headroom shall be provided above the diving boards at a public swimming pool. The minimum depth of water in the diving areas shall be determined as follows:

 

0 to 24 in. inclusive

8 ft.

12 ft.

12 ft.

24 in. plus to 30 in. inclusive

8 ft.

13 ft.

17 ft.

30 in. plus to 1 meter inclusive

8 ft. 6 in.

15 ft.

20 ft.

1 meter plus to 3 meters inclusive

10 ft.

15 ft.

20 ft.

3 meters plus to 5 meters

14 ft. 6 in.

17 ft.

23 ft.

The minimum length of any diving area terminating at a vertical wall shall be thirty (30) feet.

 

(b) Where multiple diving boards are used, the space between center lines shall not be less than ten (10) feet, and the center of no board shall be closer than ten (10) feet to a side wall. These dimensions shall apply both from a point of projection four (4) feet from the end wall and the point of maximum depth.

 

(c) The space between center lines of three-meter and five-meter diving boards shall not be not less than fifteen (15) feet and between five-meter and ten-meter boards shall be not less than eighteen (18) feet. The minimum distances from center lines of five-meter and ten-meter boards shall be the same as to the side walls.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-54. Lighting fixtures.

 

Where a public swimming pool is to be used after dark, the pool area shall be equipped with lighting fixtures of such number and design as to light all parts of the pool, the water therein and the entire area. Fixtures shall be installed in such manner as to create no hazard to the bathers. The design and installation of the fixtures shall be such that lifeguards can clearly see every part of the swimming pool, including decks, spring boards and other appurtenances without being blinded by glare. If installed, submarine lights shall provide at least one (1) watt per square foot of pool area. Each submarine light shall be properly connected to a ground wire.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-55. Wading pools.

 

(a) The provisions of this section shall apply to wading pools operated and maintained in connection with any public swimming pool.

 

(b) The water supply, lighting, overflow facilities, inlets and outlets for wading pools shall be the same as required in this chapter for swimming pools.

 

(c) The wading pool shall be located so that drainage from the surrounding area will not wash contamination into the pool during rainfall. The bottom of the wading pool shall slope not less than three (3) inches in ten (10) feet toward the drain.

 

(d) The wading pool shall be entirely surrounded by a deck at least four (4) feet in width, constructed of permanently impervious material, which shall have and retain a finish as smooth as possible and that is non-slip to bare feet. The deck shall slope not less than three (3) inches in ten (10) feet away from the pool edge, and the water on the deck discharged to waste. The deck shall be maintained in good condition and shall not pose a hazard to bathers.

 

(e) Wading pools and wading areas shall be separated from swimming pools by appropriate protection features.

 

(f) A complete, separate recirculation system shall be installed at wading pools. The recirculation system shall provide a pool volume turnover rate of once in three (3) hours or less. The free chlorine residual content and the hydrogen-ion content (pH) for wading pools shall be as required in article IV of this chapter for swimming pools.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-56. Spray pools.

 

(a) The provisions of this section apply to spray pools operated and maintained in connection with any public swimming pool.

 

(b) The water sprayed into the pool shall be from an approved supply. Spray heads shall be installed so that there will be no possibility for their submergence as might result in the case of clogged drains.

 

(c) Spray pools shall be constructed of permanently impervious material that shall have and retain a finish as smooth as possible and that is non-slip to bare feet.

 

(d) Spray pool bottoms shall slope not less than three (3) inches in ten (10) feet toward the drains.

 

(e) The spray pool shall be equipped, at its low point, with an unvalved drain to waste. The drain shall be of such size and design that water sprayed into the pool will not pond in the pool bottom.

 

(f) The spray pool shall be entirely surrounded by a deck at least four (4) feet in width, constructed of permanently impervious material, which shall have and retain a finish as smooth as practical and be non-slip to bare feet. The deck shall slope not less than three (3) inches in ten (10) feet away from the pool edge and the water on the deck shall be discharged to waste. The deck shall be maintained in good condition and shall not pose a hazardous to bathers.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-57. Life-saving and first aid equipment and facilities.

 

(a) Public swimming pools shall be equipped with one (1) or more light, but strong, poles with blunt ends or "shepherd's crook" of not less than twelve (12) feet in length, for making reaching assists or rescue; one (1) or more throwing buoys, not less than fifteen (15) inches in diameter, having a one hundred fifty (150) pound test line attached of sufficient length to reach twice the width of the pool, placed in easily accessible racks adjacent to the pool; a first aid kit which shall be kept filled and readily accessible for emergency use; and a telephone which shall be accessible for emergency use.

 

(b) In lieu of a throwing buoy, a rescue tube, approved by the Red Cross, may be substituted.

 

(c) The director of public health may, in writing, require additional life-saving equipment when such is deemed necessary due to the size of the pool or activity therein.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-58. Food and drink facilities.

 

Food and drink preparation, serving and consumption facilities at public swimming pools must be approved and permitted by the health department, shall be permitted only within designated areas and, in all cases, shall be located a minimum of twelve (12) feet away from the pool water.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

Cross References: Food and food establishments, Ch. 15.

 

Sec. 36-59. Dressing rooms, showers, toilet facilities and lavatories.

 

(a) A dressing room shall be provided for each sex at public swimming pools. Metal lockers, wire baskets, hooks or other sanitary means of storage of clothing and personal accessories shall be provided. Wooden lockers or clothes bags shall not be permitted. All liquid wastes shall be discharged to an approved sewerage system or to an approved individual sewage disposal system. The floors shall have a minimum pitch of three (3) inches in ten (10) feet to the drains, with no low spots, that would allow water to stand. The floors shall be of smooth, but non-slip, finish and the rooms shall be ventilated so that the floors do not remain damp or wet between periods when the swimming pool is in use. All dressing room surfaces and equipment shall be maintained in good repair and condition.

 

(b) Showers shall be provided at public swimming pools in the proportion of one (1) for each forty (40) persons at the time of maximum load. Each shower shall supply an adequate quantity of heated water through a device that will prevent scalding. Drainage from each shower shall be such as to prevent water from one (1) shower draining across the floor area of another. Showers shall be so located that the bathers will normally pass them on their way to the pool or there shall be directional signs in the dressing area indicating their locations.

 

(c) A minimum of one (1) water closet for females and one (1) water closet and one (1) urinal for males shall be provided at all swimming pools except as exempted by the building official. The urinals and water closets shall be so located that the bathers will pass them on their way to the pool, or have directional signs in the dressing area indicating their location.

 

(d) A minimum of one (1) lavatory for females and one (1) lavatory for males shall be provided for public swimming pools. Each lavatory shall be provided with suitable facilities for making soap available.

 

(e) Apartment pools the use of which is restricted to occupants and guests, where the farthest apartment is not over five hundred (500) feet from the pool, shall be exempt from the provisions of this section regarding dressing rooms.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-60. Grease line.

 

All pools and spas shall be constructed with grease tiles that are attached to the interior perimeter of the pool, spa and/or hot tub and extend from below the water surface to the bottom of the coping. The grease tiles shall be maintained in good repair and clean.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-61. Coping.

 

All pools shall be constructed with coping that is installed around the perimeter of the pool and extended from the edge of the deck to the edge of the pool. All coping shall be maintained in good repair. The seams around the coping shall be sealed in an approved manner so they are watertight.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Secs. 30-62--36-75. Reserved.

 

 

ARTICLE IV.

 

RECIRCULATION SYSTEM AND APPURTENANCES

 

Sec. 36-76. General requirements.

 

All public swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs shall be equipped with a recirculation system consisting of pumps, hair and lint catchers, filters, mechanical disinfection equipment and necessary pipe connections to the inlets and outlets. The recirculation system of all pools constructed after August 27, 1980, shall be designed for a six-hour or less turnover of the swimming pool water. The recirculation system of all hot tubs and spas constructed after the date of these regulations shall be designed for a thirty-minute turnover rate.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-77. Inlets.

 

The inlets for recirculation shall be submerged and be located to produce uniform circulation of water throughout a public swimming pool, without the existence of dead spots. Wall inlets shall be located on not more than twenty (20) foot centers entirely around the perimeter of the swimming pool. Bottom inlets shall be spaced, depending on the dimensions, so as to produce uniform water circulation. The number of bottom inlets shall be the same as required of wall inlets. Each inlet shall be designed as an adjustable office or provided with a valve and shall be maintained in good repair.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-78. Filtration system generally.

 

(a) The recirculation system required by this article shall be equipped with a filtration system that will filter the entire content of the swimming pool within six (6) or less hours at the rate of three (3) gallons per minute or less per square foot of filter area for rapid sand filters and twenty (20) gallons per minute or less per square foot of filter area for high rate sand filters. Pressure filters shall be equipped with readily accessible air relief valves and with an access hole large enough to permit inspections, maintenance and repair work. Each pressure filter system shall be equipped with a pressure gauge, at least two (2) inches in diameter, on the inlet and outlet to indicate the pressure in pounds per square inch, and a sight glass that can be easily removed for cleaning shall be provided on the waste discharge line. Gravity-type filters shall be equipped with a loss-of-head gauge.

 

(b) The filtration rate for diatomaceous earth filters and similar equipment may not exceed one and one-half (1 1/2) gallons per square foot of filter area, with eight (8) hours turnover of pool volume, unless continuous slurry feed is provided, in which case the rate shall not exceed three (3) gallons per square foot of filter area.

 

(c) Arrangements or equipment shall be provided for application of filter aid and proper recoating and cleaning of filter elements. All filters shall be capable of being cleaned or backwashed by use of the wash-water pump and the manipulation of valves. In view of the constant change of design of such equipment, it will be necessary to evaluate such system individually and approval or rejection will be at the discretion of the director of public health, based upon the need for protecting the health and safety of those using the pool.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-79. Filter room.

 

(a) All public swimming pools shall be provided with a room to contain the filtration equipment, pumps, and other recirculation system appurtenances. Such room shall be finished in a light color and provided with adequate ventilation and illumination (at least twenty (20) foot candles). The floor of the filter room shall be designed to provide adequate drainage, and constructed of concrete or other smooth, durable surface. The provision of any facility for discharging filter backwash water onto the filter room floor is strictly prohibited and adequate provision shall be made for the discharge of backwash water. All of the recirculation equipment in this room shall be installed so that it is easily convenient to operate or repair. All entrances below ground surface shall be by stairway and vertical door. Adequate headroom shall be provided above all filters. Below ground filter rooms shall be provided with mechanical ventilation.

 

(b) A placard shall be prominently displayed in the filter room showing the following data:

 

(1) Size of the swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub in feet and volume of gallons.

 

(2) Capacity of the filters in square feet of filter area and gallons per minute.

 

(3) Capacity of the pumps in gallons per minute at the appropriate head in feet.

 

(4) Head loss at which the filters shall be backwashed and complete instructions for operating the recirculation and disinfection equipment.

 

(c) All chemicals stored in the filter room shall be stored up off of the floor, on a dry surface and in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-80. Pumping equipment.

 

The pumping equipment of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall have sufficient capacity to discharge the volume of water for the required turnover of the pool against the maximum head in the recirculation system. The pump used for backwashing sand filters shall have sufficient capacity to backwash the unit at the rate of at least twelve (12) gallons per minute per square foot of filter area against the maximum head developed during the backwashing.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-81. Hair and lint catchers.

 

The hair and lint catchers of a recirculation system required by this article shall be installed ahead of the filter pump and be designed and located so that they can be easily and simply dismantled for cleaning and inspection. They shall be maintained in good condition and cleaned regularly as needed.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-82. Rate-of-flow indicator.

 

The recirculation system required by this article shall be equipped with a rate-of-flow indicator reading in gallons per minute, located so as to indicate the rate of flow of the effluent from the filter and also the rate of backwash in gallons per minute in sand or anthracite coal filters. The devices shall be maintained in good repair and working order.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-83. Suction cleaner.

 

A suction cleaner (vacuum) shall be provided for each public swimming pool. Where the suction cleaner is operated by the recirculating pump, a device shall be provided for throttling the flow from the pool outlet and the suction cleaner line shall be connected through the hair and lint catcher.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-84. Chemical feeding and testing equipment generally.

 

(a) Means shall be provided for regulating the feeding of chemicals to the water in the recirculation system of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub. The installation of mechanically operated, positive chemical feeders or open-type chemical machines is required. The installation of closed-type solution pots is prohibited.

 

(b) Each public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub shall be provided with satisfactory equipment for the determination of hydrogen-ion concentration (pH) ranging from six point eight (6.8) to eight point zero (8.0). Satisfactory equipment shall also be provided for determination of free chlorine residual content ranging from zero (0) to five point zero (5.0) ppm. Where stabilized chlorines are used, satisfactory equipment shall be provided for determination of free chlorine residual content ranging from zero (0) to five point zero (5.0) ppm. For spas and/or hot tubs, satisfactory equipment shall be provided for determination of bromine residual content ranging from one (1) to ten (10) ppm.

 

(c) Tests for determining the hydrogen-ion concentration (pH) and disinfectant level for all swimming facilities shall be conducted no less than every four (4) hours.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-85. Disinfection equipment; chlorinator room.

 

All public swimming pools, spas and/or hot tubs shall be provided with disinfectant-feeding equipment. The disinfection equipment shall be capable of applying a dose sufficient to maintain minimum free disinfectant residuals as required by section 36-86. Chlorine gas feeding equipment and chlorine gas cylinders shall be installed in an enclosed space or room, separate from the filter room, equipped with a door capable of being locked. Such room shall be equipped with a forced draft fan exhausting to the outside from the floor level and a fresh air inlet shall be provided near the ceiling. The exhaust fan discharge shall terminate at least twelve (12) feet above any area that may be occupied by any person. Forced draft apparatus shall have sufficient capacity to exhaust the contents of the room in not more than three (3) minutes. The chlorine gas tanks shall be protected from direct sunlight and fastened in place during storage and use. A laboratory approved type gas mask shall be provided where chlorine gas is being utilized. This shall be located accessible to, but outside of, the chlorinator room.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-86. Chemical content of water.

 

(a) The treatment system of a public swimming pool shall be so designated and installed to provide in the water, at all times when the pool is in use, free chlorine residual of not less than point five (0.5) ppm. Where stabilized chlorines are used, a minimum of one point (1.0) ppm. free chlorine residual must be maintained, or disinfection may be provided by other means with prior written approval of the director of public health.

 

(b) The hydrogen-ion concentration (pH) of the water in a public pool, spa and/or hot tub shall not be below seven point two (7.2) or more than seven point eight (7.8).

 

(c) Chemicals other than chlorine, sodium hypochlorite or calcium hypochlorite, bromine, lime, soda ash and cyanuric acid shall not be used to treat public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub water without prior approval of the director of public health.

 

(d) The treatment system of a public spa shall be so designed and installed to provide in the water, at all times when the spa is in use, bromine or free chlorine residual of not less than one (1) ppm.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-87. Operation of filters; clarity of water.

 

The filters shall be operated twenty-four (24) hours per day during the season of use of a public swimming pool, spa and/or hot tub. At all times when the pool is open for use, the water shall be sufficiently clear to permit a disc six (6) inches in diameter, divided into alternate black and white quadrants, when placed on the bottom of the pool at the deepest point to be clearly visible from the swimming pool deck at all distances up to ten (10) yards in a horizontal direction from the projection of the disc on the swimming pool surface or the main drain(s) at the bottom of the deepest part of the pool shall be clearly visible from the deck around the pool.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-88. Alternate methods of disinfection and filtration.

 

Nothing in this article shall be construed as disqualifying any other method of disinfection or any other filtration equipment demonstrated of at least equal efficiency to that required by this article and which is approved by the director of public health.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

Sec. 36-89. Temperature.

 

At no time shall the temperature of any pool or spa exceed one hundred four (104) degrees Fahrenheit.

(Ord. No. 1397, 4-13-05)

 

 

 

 

 

Signed by ____________________________ Date _________________

Ross A. Kearney, II, Mayor

 

 

 

 

Attested by ____________________________ Date _________________

Katherine K. Glass

Clerk of the Council