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Cross References: Management not to permit violation of obscenity laws in massage parlors, § 19-4; obscene conduct in massage parlors, § 19-14; obscene or offensive language generally, § 24-11; public profanity, § 24-14. __________ Article I. In General Sec. 23-1. Violations of chapter. Sec. 23-2. "Obscene" defined. Sec. 23-3. Obscene items enumerated. Sec. 23-4. Production, publication, sale, possession, etc., of obscene items. Sec. 23-5. Obscene exhibitions and performances generally. Sec. 23-6. Advertising obscene items, exhibitions or performances generally. Sec. 23-7. Obscene placards, posters, bills, etc. Sec. 23-8. Coercing acceptance of obscene articles or publications. Sec. 23-9. Obscene photographs, slides and motion pictures. Sec. 23-10. Showing previews of certain motion pictures. Sec. 23-11. Obscene visual material utilizing children or having children as subject. Sec. 23-12. Indecent exposure generally. Sec. 23-13. Indecent exposure by entertainers, waitresses, waiters, etc. Sec. 23-14. Public display of obscene materials. Sec. 23-15. Employing or permitting minor to assist in violation of article. Sec. 23-16. Proceeding against obscene book. Sec. 23-17. Section 23-16 applicable to motion picture film. Sec. 23-18. Exceptions from article. Secs. 23-19--23-30. Reserved. Article II. Prohibited Sales, Loans, Etc., to Juveniles Sec. 23-31. Definitions. Sec. 23-32. Unlawful acts generally. Sec. 23-33. Admitting juveniles to premises exhibiting obscene films or other presentations; such films not to be visible to juveniles from public way. Sec. 23-34. Misrepresentation to persons mentioned in sections 23-32 and 23-33 as to juvenile's age, etc. Sec. 23-35. Display of obscene materials at business establishments open to juveniles. Sec. 23-36. Exceptions from article. Secs. 23-37--23-50. Reserved. Article III. Studios Providing Nude or Partially Nude Models Sec. 23-51. Definitions. Sec. 23-52. To be closed during certain hours. Sec. 23-53. Information to be filed with chief of police. Sec. 23-54. Registration of customers; using false name by customer. Sec. 23-55. Minors prohibited. Sec. 23-56. Third person to be present when model being photographed or painted. Sec. 23-57. Obscene photographs or paintings. ARTICLE I. IN GENERAL* __________ * State Law References: Authority of council to adopt ordinance similar to the provisions of this article, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-389 15.2-926.2. __________ Sec. 23-1. Violations of chapter. Unless otherwise specifically provided, a violation of any provision of this chapter shall constitute a Class 1 misdemeanor. Cross References: Penalty for Class 1 misdemeanor, § 1-11. State Law References: Similar provisions with respect to violation of state law on obscenity, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-380. Sec. 23-2. "Obscene" defined. The word "obscene," where it appears in this article, shall mean that which, considered as a whole, has as its dominant theme or purpose an appeal to the prurient interest in sex, that is, a shameful or morbid interest in nudity, sexual conduct, sexual excitement, excretory functions or products thereof or sadomasochistic abuse, and which goes substantially beyond customary limits of candor in description or representation of such matters and which, taken as a whole, does not have serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-1) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-372. Sec. 23-3. Obscene items enumerated. For the purposes of this article, obscene items shall include: (1) Any obscene book; or (2) Any obscene leaflet, pamphlet, magazine, booklet, picture, painting, bumper sticker, drawing, photograph, film, negative, slide, motion picture, videotape recording; or (3) Any obscene figure, object, article, instrument, novelty device or recording or transcription used or intended to be used in disseminating any obscene song, ballad, words or sounds; or (4) Any obscene writing, picture or similar visual representation, or sound recording, stored in an electronic or other medium retrievable in a perceivable form. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-2) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-373. Sec. 23-4. Production, publication, sale, possession, etc., of obscene items. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to: (1) Prepare any obscene item for the purpose of sale or distribution; or (2) Print, copy, manufacture, produce or reproduce any obscene item for purposes of sale or distribution; or (3) Publish, sell, rent, lend, transport in intracity commerce, or distribute or exhibit any obscene item, or offer to do any of these things; or (4) Have in his possession, with intent to sell, rent, lend, transport or distribute, any obscene item. (b) Possession in public or in a public place of any obscene item shall be deemed prima facie evidence of a violation of this section. (c) For the purposes of this section, "distribute" shall mean delivery in person, by mail, messenger or by any other means by which obscene items may pass from one person to another. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-3) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-374. Sec. 23-5. Obscene exhibitions and performances generally. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to: (1) Produce, promote, prepare, present, manage, direct, carry on or participate in any obscene exhibition or performance, including the exhibition or performance of any obscene motion picture, play, drama, show, entertainment, exposition, tableau or scene; provided, that no employee of any person or legal entity operating a theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place which presents such obscene exhibition or performance shall be subject to prosecution under this section if the employee is not the manager of the theatre or any officer of such entity, and has no financial interest in such theatre other than receiving salary and wages; or (2) Own, lease or manage any theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place and lease, let, lend or permit such theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place to be used for the purpose of presenting such obscene exhibition or performance or to fail to post prominently therein the name and address of a person resident in the locality who is the manager of such theatre, garden, building, structure, room or place. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-4) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-375. Sec. 23-6. Advertising obscene items, exhibitions or performances generally. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to prepare, print, publish or circulate, or cause to be prepared, printed, published or circulated, any notice or advertisement of any obscene item referred to in section 23-3 or of any obscene performance or exhibition proscribed in section 23-5, stating or indicating where such obscene item, exhibition or performance may be purchased, obtained, seen or heard. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-5) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-376. Sec. 23-7. Obscene placards, posters, bills, etc. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to expose, place, display, post up, exhibit, paint, print or mark, or cause to be exposed, placed, displayed, posted, exhibited, painted, printed or marked, in or on any building, structure, billboard, wall or fence, or on any street, or in or upon any public place, any placard, poster, banner, bill, writing or picture which is obscene, or which advertises or promotes any obscene item referred to in section 23-3 or any obscene exhibition or performance proscribed in section 23-5, or knowingly to permit the same to be displayed on property belonging to or controlled by him. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-6) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-377. Sec. 23-8. Coercing acceptance of obscene articles or publications. No person shall, as a condition to any sale, allocation, consignment or delivery for resale of any paper, magazine, book, periodical or publication, require that the purchaser or consignee receive for resale any other article, book or other publication which is obscene; nor shall any person deny or threaten to deny any franchise or impose or threaten to impose any penalty, financial or otherwise, by reason of the failure or refusal of any person to accept such articles, books or publications, or by reason of the return thereof. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-7) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-378. Sec. 23-9. Obscene photographs, slides and motion pictures. Every person who knowingly: (1) Photographs himself or any other person, for purposes of preparing an obscene film, photograph, negative, slide or motion picture for purposes of sale or distribution; or (2) Models, poses, acts or otherwise assists in the preparation of any obscene film, photograph, negative, slide or motion picture for purposes of sale or distribution; shall be guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-8) Cross References: Penalty for Class 3 misdemeanor, § 1-11. State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-382. Sec. 23-10. Showing previews of certain motion pictures. It shall be unlawful for any person to exhibit any trailer or preview of any motion picture which has a motion picture industry rating which would not permit persons in the audience viewing the feature motion picture to see the complete motion picture from which the trailer or preview is taken. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-14) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-386. Sec. 23-11. Obscene visual material utilizing children or having children as subject. (a) For the purposes of this section, the term "sexually explicit visual material" means a picture, photograph, drawing, sculpture, motion picture film or similar visual representation which is obscene for children and which depicts nudity, sexual excitement, sexual conduct, sexual intercourse or sadomasochistic abuse, as defined in section 23-31, or a book, magazine or pamphlet which contains such a visual representation. An undeveloped photograph or similar visual material may be sexually explicit material, notwithstanding that processing or other acts may be required to make its sexually explicit content apparent. (b) For the purposes of this section, sexually explicit visual material is "obscene for children" when the material meets all of the following criteria: (1) Considered as a whole, it appeals to the prurient interest of children, as determined by the experience of children in the contemporary community; (2) It affronts contemporary standards of adults as to what is suitable matter for children; and (3) Considered as a whole, it lacks serious literary, artistic, political and scientific value for children. (c) It shall be unlawful for any person to: (1) Accost, entice or solicit a person less than eighteen (18) years of age with intent to induce or force such person to perform in or be a subject of sexually explicit visual material; or (2) Produce or make, or attempt or prepare to produce or make, sexually explicit visual material which utilizes or has as a subject a person less than eighteen (18) years of age; or (3) Knowingly take part in or participate in the filming, photographing or other reproduction of sexually explicit visual material which utilizes or has as a subject a person less than eighteen (18) years of age; or (4) Sell, distribute or give away, at wholesale or for resale, sexually explicit visual material which utilizes or has as a subject a person less than eighteen (18) years of age; or (5) Sell or distribute, at retail or not for resale, sexually explicit visual material which utilizes or has as a subject a person less than eighteen (18) years of age; or (6) Knowingly finance, or attempt or prepare to finance, sexually explicit visual material which utilizes or has as a subject a person less than eighteen (18) years of age. (d) For the purposes of this section, a person who is depicted as or presents the appearance of being less than eighteen (18) years of age in sexually explicit visual material is prima facie presumed to be less than eighteen (18) years of age. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-15) Sec. 23-12. Indecent exposure generally. No person shall intentionally make an obscene display or exposure of his person, or the private parts thereof, in any public place, or in any place where others are present, and no person shall procure another to so expose himself. No person shall be deemed in violation of this section for breastfeeding a child in any public place or any place where others are present. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-9) Cross References: Indecent exposure in parks, playgrounds, etc., § 26-36. State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-387. Sec. 23-13. Indecent exposure by entertainers, waitresses, waiters, etc. (a) For the purposes of this section the phrase "expose, exhibit or display nude breast or breasts" shall mean the exposure, exhibition or display of a portion of the female breast or breasts below the uppermost portion of the areola (the pigmented area surrounding the nipple of a breast), assuming a normal standing position of the female; and the term "lower torso" shall mean that portion of the male or female body consisting of the private parts or genital organs and the anal cleft or cleavage of the buttocks. (b) It shall be unlawful for any female person eighteen (18) years of age or older to expose, exhibit or display her nude breast or breasts under any of the following conditions: (1) While performing any dance or other type of entertainment in or at a tavern, restaurant or any public place in the city serving food or beverages for compensation, charging an admission fee or receiving a donation, or in any private club or organization wherein dues or membership fees are charged. (2) While working as a waitress, bartender or other type of employment in or at a tavern, restaurant or any public place in the city serving food or beverages for compensation, charging an admission fee or receiving a donation, or in any private club or organization wherein dues or membership fees are charged. This subsection includes, but is not limited to, the wearing of any costume, garment or material which, by virtue of construction or transparency of material, exposes, exhibits or displays such female's breast or breasts under the above conditions. (c) It shall be unlawful for any person eighteen (18) years of age or older to expose, exhibit or display his or her lower torso under any of the following conditions: (1) While performing any dance or other type of entertainment in or at a tavern, restaurant or any public place in the city serving food or beverages for compensation, charging an admission fee or receiving a donation, or in any private club or organization wherein dues or membership fees are charged. (2) While working as a waitress, waiter or bartender or other similar type of employee in or at a tavern, restaurant or any public place in the city serving food or beverages for compensation, charging an admission fee or receiving a donation, or in any private club or organization wherein dues or membership fees are charged. This subsection includes, but is not limited to, the wearing of any costume, garment or material which, by virtue of construction or transparency of material, exposes, exhibits or displays such person's lower torso under the above conditions. (d) It shall be unlawful for any owner, proprietor, manager or any other person lawfully in charge of a tavern, restaurant or any public place in the city serving food or beverages for compensation, charging an admission fee or receiving a donation, or any private club or organization wherein dues or membership fees are charged, to procure, assist or knowingly to permit any person to violate the provisions of this section in such place. (e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the exercise of First Amendment rights of freedom of expression. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-22) Sec. 23-14. Public display of obscene materials. (a) For the purposes of this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings ascribed to them by this subsection: (1) The word "knowledge" includes actual or constructive knowledge of the subject material. A person shall be deemed to have constructive knowledge of its character and content if such person has knowledge of facts which would put a reasonable and prudent person on notice as to the suspect nature of the material. (2) The terms "nudity", "sexual conduct" and "sadomasochistic abuse" shall have the meanings ascribed to them in section 23-31. (3) The term "prurient interest" shall mean a shameful or morbid interest in nudity, sex or excretion, which goes substantially beyond customary limits of candor in description or representation of such matters. (4) The term "transportation facility" means any conveyance, premise or place used for or in connection with public passenger transportation, whether by air, railroad, motor vehicle or any other method. It includes aircraft, watercraft, railroad cars, buses and airboat, railroad and bus terminals and stations and all appurtenances thereto. (b) The public display of nudity, sexual conduct and sadomasochistic abuse within the city is a public nuisance. (c) It shall be unlawful for any person to display within the city offensive sexual material when, with knowledge of its character and content, such person displays or permits to be displayed, in or on any window, showcase, newsstand, display rack, wall, billboard, display board, viewing screen, moving picture screen, marquee or similar place, in such manner that the display is easily visible from or on any public street, sidewalk, thoroughfare, transportation facility, newsstand or any other business or commercial establishment open to the general public, any pictorial, three (3) dimensional or other visual representation of a person or a portion of the human body that predominately appeals to the prurient interest in sex and that: (1) Depicts nudity or sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse; or (2) Depicts or appears to depict nudity or sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse, with the area of the male or female subject's unclothed or apparently unclothed genitals, pubic area or buttocks, or of the female subject's unclothed or apparently unclothed breast, obscured by a covering or mark placed or printed on or in front of the material displayed or obscured or altered in any other manner. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-10) Sec. 23-15. Employing or permitting minor to assist in violation of article. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to hire, employ, use or permit any minor to do or assist in doing any act or thing constituting an offense under this article. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-11) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-379. Sec. 23-16. Proceeding against obscene book. (a) Whenever he has reasonable cause to believe that any person is engaged in the sale or commercial distribution of any obscene book, any citizen or the attorney for the commonwealth of the city or the city attorney may institute a proceeding in the circuit court for adjudication of the obscenity of the book. (b) The proceeding referred to in subsection (a) above shall be instituted by filing with the court a petition: (1) Directed against the book by name or description; (2) Alleging the obscene nature of the book; and (3) Listing the names and addresses, if known, of the author, publisher and all other persons interested in its sale or commercial distribution. (c) Upon the filing of a petition pursuant to this section, the court, in term or in vacation, shall forthwith examine the book alleged to be obscene. If the court finds no probable cause to believe the book obscene, the judge thereof shall dismiss the petition, but if the court finds probable cause to believe the book obscene, the judge thereof shall issue an order to show cause why the book should not be adjudicated obscene. The order to show cause shall be: (1) Directed against the book by name or description; (2) Published once a week for two (2) successive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation within the city; (3) If their names and addresses are known, served by registered mail upon the author, publisher and all other persons interested in the sale or commercial distribution of the book; and (4) Returnable twenty-one (21) days after its service by registered mail or the commencement of its publication, whichever is later. (d) When an order to show cause is issued pursuant to this section, and upon four (4) days' notice to be given to the persons and in the manner prescribed by the court, the court may issue a temporary restraining order against the sale or distribution of the book alleged to be obscene. (e) On or before the return date specified in the order to show cause issued under this section, the author, publisher and any person interested in the sale or commercial distribution of the book may appear appeal and file an answer. The court may, by order, permit any other person to appear and file an answer amicus curiae. (f) If no one appears and files an answer on or before the return date specified in the order to show cause issued pursuant to this section, the court, upon being satisfied that the book is obscene, shall order the clerk of the court to enter judgment that the book is obscene, but the court, in its discretion, may except from its judgment a restricted category of persons to whom the book is not obscene. (g) If an appearance is entered and an answer filed, the court shall order the proceeding set on the calendar for a prompt hearing. The court shall conduct the hearing in accordance with the rules of civil procedure applicable to the trial of cases by the court without a jury. At the hearing, the court shall receive evidence, including the testimony of experts, if such evidence be offered, pertaining to: (1) The artistic, literary, medical, scientific, cultural and educational values, if any, of the book considered as a whole; (2) The degree of public acceptance of the book, or books of similar character, within the city; (3) The intent of the author and publisher of the book; (4) The reputation of the author and publisher; (5) The advertising, promotion and other circumstances relating to the sale of the book; (6) The nature of classes of persons, including scholars, scientists and physicians, for whom the book may not have prurient appeal, and who may be subject to exception pursuant to subsection (f) above. (h) In making a decision on the obscenity of the book, the court shall consider, among other things, the evidence offered pursuant to subsection (g), if any, and shall make a written determination upon every such consideration relied upon in the proceeding in his findings of fact and conclusions of law or in a memorandum accompanying them. (i) If it finds the book not obscene, the court shall order the clerk of the court to enter judgment accordingly. If it finds the book obscene, the court shall order the clerk of the court to enter judgment that the book is obscene, but the court, in its discretion, may except from its judgment a restricted category of persons to whom the book is not obscene. (j) While a temporary restraining order made pursuant to subsection (d) is in effect, or after the entry of a judgment pursuant to subsection (f), or after the entry of judgment pursuant to subsection (i), any person who publishes, sells, rents, lends, transports in the city, or commercially distributes or exhibits the book, or has the book in his possession with intent to publish, sell, rent, lend, transport or commercially distribute or exhibit the book, is presumed to have knowledge that the book is obscene under the provisions of this article. (k) Any party to a proceeding under this section, including the petitioner, may appeal from the judgment of the court to the Supreme Court of Virginia, as otherwise provided by law. (l) It is expressly provided that the petition and proceeding authorized under this section, relating to books alleged to be obscene, shall be intended only to establish scienter in cases where the establishment of such scienter is thought to be useful or desirable by the petitioner; and the provisions of this section shall in nowise be construed to be a necessary prerequisite to the filing of criminal charges under this article. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-12) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-384. Sec. 23-17. Section 23-16 applicable to motion picture film. The provisions of section 23-16 shall apply mutatis mutandis in the case of motion picture film. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-13) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-385. Sec. 23-18. Exceptions from article. Nothing contained in this article shall be construed to apply to: (1) The purchase, distribution, exhibition or loan of any book, magazine or other printed or manuscript material by any library, school or institution of higher learning, supported by public appropriation; (2) The purchase, distribution, exhibition or loan of any work of art by any museum of fine arts, school or institution of higher learning, supported by public appropriation; (3) The exhibition or performance of any play, drama, tableau or motion picture by any theatre, museum of fine arts, school or institution of higher learning, supported by public appropriation. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-15) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-383. Secs. 23-19--23-30. Reserved. ARTICLE II. PROHIBITED SALES, LOANS, ETC., TO JUVENILES* __________ * State Law References: Authority of council to adopt ordinance similar to provisions of this article, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-389 15.2-926.2. __________ Sec. 23-31. Definitions. For the purposes of this article, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this section: Harmful to juveniles means that quality of any description or representation, in whatever form, of nudity, sexual conduct, sexual excitement or sadomasochistic abuse, when it: (1) Predominantly appeals to the prurient, shameful or morbid interest of juveniles; (2) Is patently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community as a whole with respect to what is suitable material for juveniles; and (3) Is, when taken as a whole, lacking in serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value for juveniles. Juvenile means a person less than eighteen (18) years of age. Knowingly means having general knowledge of, or reason to know, or a belief or ground for belief which warrants further inspection or inquiry of both the character and content of any material described herein, which is reasonably susceptible of examination by the defendant, and the age of the juvenile; provided, however, that an honest mistake shall constitute an excuse from liability hereunder if the defendant made a reasonable bona fide attempt to ascertain the true age of such juvenile. Nudity means a state of undress so as to expose the human male or female genitals, pubic area or buttocks with less than a full opaque covering, or the showing of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any portion thereof below the top of the nipple, or the depiction of covered or uncovered male genitals in a discernibly turgid state. Sadomasochistic abuse means actual or explicitly simulated flagellation or torture by or upon a person who is nude or clad in undergarments, a mask or bizarre costume, or the condition of being fettered, bound or otherwise physically restrained on the part of one so clothed. Sexual conduct means actual or explicitly simulated acts of masturbation, homosexuality, sexual intercourse or physical contact, in an act of apparent sexual stimulation or gratification, with a person's clothed or unclothed genitals, pubic area, buttocks or, if such person be female, breast. Sexual excitement means the condition of human male or female genitals when in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-18) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-390. Sec. 23-32. Unlawful acts generally. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to sell or loan to a juvenile, knowing or having reason to know that such person is a juvenile, or to knowingly display for commercial purpose in a manner whereby juveniles may examine and peruse: (1) Any picture, photograph, drawing, sculpture, motion picture film in any format or medium, electronic file or message containing an image, or similar visual representation or image of a person or portion of the human body which depicts sexually explicit nudity, sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse and which is harmful to juveniles; or (2) Any book, pamphlet, magazine, printed matter however reproduced, electronic file or message containing words, or sound recording which contains any matter enumerated in paragraph (1) of this subsection, or explicit and detailed verbal descriptions or narrative accounts of sexual excitement, sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse and which, taken as a whole, is harmful to juveniles. However, if a person uses services of an Internet service provider or an electronic mail service provider in committing act prohibited under this section, such Internet service provider or electronic mail service provider shall not be held responsible for violating this section. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-19) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-391. Sec. 23-33. Admitting juveniles to premises exhibiting obscene films or other presentations; such films not to be visible to juveniles from public way. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to sell to a juvenile an admission ticket or pass, or knowingly to admit a juvenile to premises whereon there is exhibited a motion picture, show or other presentation which, in whole or in part, depicts sexually explicit nudity, sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse and which is harmful to juveniles, or to exhibit any such motion picture at any such premises which are not designed to prevent viewing from any public way of such motion picture by juveniles not admitted to any such premises. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-19) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-391. Sec. 23-34. Misrepresentation to persons mentioned in sections 23-32 and 23-33 as to juvenile's age, etc. (a) It shall be unlawful for any juvenile to falsely represent to any person mentioned in section 23-32 or 23-33, or to his agent, that such juvenile is eighteen (18) years of age or older, with the intent to procure any material set forth in section 23-32, or with the intent to procure such juvenile's admission to any motion picture, show or other presentation, as set forth in section 23-33. (b) It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to make a false representation to any person mentioned in section 23-32 or 23-33, or to his agent, that he is the parent or guardian of any juvenile, or that any juvenile is eighteen (18) years of age, with the intent to procure any material set forth in section 23-32, or with the intent to procure such juvenile's admission to any motion picture, show or other presentation, as set forth in section 23-33. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-19) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-391. Sec. 23-35. Display of obscene materials at business establishments open to juveniles. It shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to exhibit, expose or display in public, at a newsstand or any other business or commercial establishment frequented by juveniles or where juveniles are or may be invited as a part of the general public: (1) Any picture, photograph, drawing, sculpture, motion picture film or similar visual representation or image of a person or portion of the human body which depicts sexually explicit nudity, sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse and which is harmful to juveniles; or (2) Any book, pamphlet, magazine, printed matter however reproduced, or sound recording which contains any matter enumerated in paragraph (1) of this subsection, or explicit and detailed verbal descriptions or narrative accounts of sexual excitement, sexual conduct or sadomasochistic abuse and which, taken as a whole, is harmful to juveniles. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-20) Sec. 23-36. Exceptions from article. Nothing contained in this article shall be construed to apply to: (1) The purchase, distribution, exhibition or loan of any work of art, book, magazine or other printed or manuscript material by any accredited museum, library, school or institution of higher learning. (2) The exhibition or performance of any play, drama, tableau, or motion picture by any theatre, museum, school or institution of higher learning, either supported by public appropriation or which is an accredited institution supported by private funds. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-21) State Law References: Similar provisions, Code of Virginia, § 18.2-391.1. Secs. 23-37--23-50. Reserved. ARTICLE III. STUDIOS PROVIDING NUDE OR PARTIALLY NUDE MODELS Sec. 23-51. Definitions. For the purposes of this article, the phrase "nude or partially nude" shall mean the exposure or display of the nipple of the female breast or the pigmented portion adjacent thereto, otherwise defined as the areola, or the exposure or display of that portion of the male or female body consisting of the private parts or genital organs. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-29) Sec. 23-52. To be closed during certain hours. It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in the business of providing live nude or partially nude models to be painted, sketched or photographed by the general public to remain open to such business between the hours of 10:00 p.m., and 6:00 a.m., the following day. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-27) Sec. 23-53. Information to be filed with chief of police. (a) Each person who shall engage in the business in the city of providing live nude or partially nude models to be painted, sketched or photographed, whether by appointment or otherwise, shall file with the chief of police his name, age and current residential address and business address, together with all addresses for the previous five (5) years. Such person shall also file with the chief of police the name, age, residential address and occupation of each model employed or to be employed in such business. (b) Each day any person shall engage in the business referred to in this section and employ a model or models in such business, without providing the information as required by this section, shall be deemed a separate offense. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-24) Sec. 23-54. Registration of customers; using false name by customer. (a) Each person who shall engage in the business in the city of providing live nude or partially nude models to be painted, sketched or photographed shall at all times keep and maintain therein a book or register in which shall be inscribed, with ink or indelible pencil, the name and address of each customer, in his or her own handwriting, with a clear and definite showing of the model or models painted, sketched or photographed, by name. Such book or register shall be maintained for a period of two (2) years from the date of each entry, and shall be open to inspection by the law-enforcement officers of the city at reasonable hours. (b) It shall be unlawful for any person to sign or cause to be signed, in the book or register referred to in subsection (a) above, false or fictitious name when seeking to paint, sketch or photograph a model or models. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-25) Sec. 23-55. Minors prohibited. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person operating a business in the city which provides live nude or partially nude models for painting, sketching or photographing to permit any other person to be a model, manager, clerk or employee in such business, if such other person is under the age of eighteen (18) years. (b) It shall be unlawful for any person operating a business in the city which provides live nude or partially nude models for painting, sketching or photographing to permit any person under the age of eighteen (18) years to paint, sketch or photograph any such model, to be present when any such model is being painted, sketched or photographed or to reside in or frequent any such place when open for business. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-28) Sec. 23-56. Third person to be present when model being photographed or painted. In order to protect such models, it shall be unlawful for any person engaged in the business of providing live nude or partially nude models to be painted, sketched or photographed by the general public to allow or permit the painting, sketching or photographing of live nude or partially nude models in a room unless there be present in the room a responsible adult individual in addition to the model and the customer. (Ord. No. 650, 3-26-80; Code 1964, § 27.2-26) Sec. 23-57. Obscene photographs or paintings. (a) It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a business in the city which provides models or facilities for obscene sketching, painting or photographing of the human figure, where the nude or partially nude model's posture or the reproduction of the nude or partially nude model, whether by sketching, painting or photographing, appear in a manner which: (1) Predominantly appeals to the prurient interests; and (2) Is patently offensive to contemporary community standards; and (3) Is utterly without redeeming social value. (b) It shall be unlawful for any person to act as a nude or partially nude model or to present any posture whereby the reproduction thereof shall appear in a manner which: (1) Predominantly appeals to the prurient interests; and (2) Is offensive to contemporary community standards; and (3) Is utterly without redeeming social value. (Ord. 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